On August 1st, the Baltimore County Council is expected to consider my legislation that would establish a Downtown Towson zoning district. The legislation represents the culmination of 18 months of work as we look to shape and improve development standards in our county seat.
For years, Downtown Towson has been zoned BM-CT, an area of major development that can also be found in densely-developed suburban areas like White Marsh and Owings Mills. The BM-CT zoning allows for dense housing and commercial construction, and I have opposed stretching this zone across Bosley Avenue into established neighborhoods like West Towson.
Downtown Towson is different from Owings Mills, Woodlawn, or White Marsh. This is the county seat, a headquarters for law, government, medicine, and higher education that in many other places would have the building standards found in a small city.
Over the years, as developments have been proposed, I found myself proposing bills that amended the BM-CT area only for Towson. For example, we required bike parking in new construction. We constantly had to change parking requirements, since there is an assumption that motorists will use the abundance of parking garages concentrated in Towson.
We boosted open space requirements, charging $2,000 per unit if a development does not internalize recreational space for its residents.
The business community complained about the piecemeal approach to development; so did residents and many environmental advocates. For that reason, in the spring of 2015, I required new construction to go through the Baltimore County Design Review Panel, a panel of architects and engineers that evaluates the quality of development.
The legislation now being considered by the County Council establishes metrics for the Design Review Panel.
Much of the debate has been over the words “shall” versus “should” or “may.” Some environmental advocates and residents contend that requirements should be etched in stone. The development community and the Department of Planning argue that it is best to give discretion to the Design Review Panel, which has been tough on the proposals it has evaluated. In the end, I want a bill that pushes the envelope on standards like lighting and sustainability, but can garner the County Executive’s support.
I would like to thank the Planning Department and the Planning Board for drafting a proposal that formed the basis for our work. I would like to acknowledge the Greater Towson Committee, which has pushed for a simplification of the building codes for the past several years. But special credit goes to the Green Towson Alliance, an extraordinarily hard working organization that worked with my office on countless drafts of the legislation.
–Baltimore County Councilman David Marks