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Op-ed: Students not benefitting from Dallas Dance’s costly travels

Op-ed by Joanne C. Simpson

Baltimore County Public Schools Superintendent S. Dallas Dance will be wrapping up his tenure soon after the school year ends, but not before he has charged a litany of travel costs to the district that seem contrary to school system policies and federal guidelines.

Travel records obtained through a Maryland Public Information Act request reveal an apparent pattern of overspending on superintendent trips to panels and presentations at education-technology conferences and other events across the United States and East Asia.

The tally for just five of those trips: more than $10,800 paid for by taxpayers.

Last year, Dance’s presence at the SXSWedu tech conference on March 6-9 in Austin, for example, included a 3-night stay at the 4-star Hilton Austin, at a rate of $328 per night plus taxes, totaling $1,187 in district-covered hotel charges.

The BCPS-reimbursed trip total: $2,360, including a $715 flight from BWI to Austin.

A request for comment by the superintendent or school district officials regarding such expenses was not returned. Dance has previously said his travel to such events are for official school district business.

Yet such expenditures for the superintendent, who recently resigned without explanation one year into his second four-year contract,  seem out of line for a system where nearly half of its 112,000 students qualified last year for free or reduced price meals—many living under the federal poverty level of $20,420 for a family of three.

BCPS board member questions Dallas Dance’s relationship with tech-ed companies, travel

Dance was hired in July 2012 at a yearly salary of $255,000 plus benefits. Last year, his annual salary jumped to $287,800 plus benefits under a new 4-year contract. There could have been some leeway on expense amounts covered; Dance’s initial contract vaguely noted that “reasonable business expenses” would be reimbursed “upon approval of the Board.” Yet few if any travel expenses apparently came before the school board for such review in recent years, officials say. (The superintendent’s mid-2016 contract, signed after an ethics complaint that cited his travel, changed that process going forward to “approval of the Board Chair.”)

Superintendent travel expenditures for various trips also do not align with reimbursement rules for BCPS employees. Under BCPS Rule 3126 in effect by 2016, “pre-approved travel expenses” for employees’ hotel lodging is reimbursed “as compared to federal general services administration [GSA] per diem rates for the appropriate location.” (Meals are “based on actual” GSA per diem, or $59 in March 2016). Dance’s hotel charges for various trips were double or even triple such rates.

The GSA’s per diem rates for hotel lodging in Austin would have allotted him $159 per night instead of the $328 per night that was spent.

Such trips are among 35 or more out-of-state events where Dance spoke mostly about the nearly $300 million BCPS digital initiative known as STAT, or Students and Teachers Accessing Tomorrow. The superintendent has presented before audiences in Houston; Seattle; Phoenix; San Simeon, Calif.; and Gyeongju in the Republic of Korea, among other cities, records show.

Dallas Dance resigns

If the bulk of travel was reimbursed by BCPS, at an apparent average up to $2,000 per few-day trip, superintendent expenses since mid-2012 might surpass $50,000. Will BCPS release all such travel-related records in the public interest (and waive high fees) to reveal the actual tally?

Overall BCPS employee travel costs, which have been questioned by a few members of the Board of Education, remain unclear. BCPS expenditure databases reveal dozens of jaunts by employees, not listed by name, to such swanky hotels as SAX Chicago Hotel; the iconic luxe Fontainebleau Hotel in Florida (six 2012 trips: $5,250); and three apparent Las Vegas 5-star casinos and resorts: the “Venetian/Palazzo,” MGM Grand, and Red Rock Casino, Resort and Spa, according to sources familiar with the database.

For-profit tech company features Rodgers Forge Elementary students, staff in promotional video

BCPS staff travel, STAT, and other district budget items are currently under review by Baltimore County Council members, who are set to vote on the $1.7 billion proposed FY18 schools’ operating budget by the end of May. (More than half of county tax revenues is spent on public schools).

The county council should reconsider school spending priorities as an interim or new superintendent leads the district, with its many dire needs, which include teacher vacancies, transportation woes, buildings in need of renovation/replacement, and students’ food insecurity. Nearly all “areas of operation” have had funds redirected to STAT, records show. Almost $9 million under “budget realignment” for STAT is slated for next year.

In 2014, amid much fanfare, Dance launched the one-laptop-per-student STAT/digital initiative, whose “total costs” to the district, for the first several years alone, is listed at $257 million, according to BCPS’ updated “Digital Conversion Plan” (see p. 11). Not included in that budget are millions in curricula contracts, professional development, software license fees, and other digital initiative-related costs found elsewhere in the FY18 budget (see left column). The digital price tag would likely surpass $60 million a year. Every year.


From our students’ first keystrokes-and-clicks, STAT has been promoted far and wide. Just two months after laptops were issued in BCPS test schools, the superintendent flew to Korea to speak about STAT, including “Lessons Learned and Pitfalls to Avoid” at the ICT Global Symposium: “Transforming Education with 1:1 Computing,” an event co-sponsored by the World Bank.

Despite administration communications to school board members in spring 2016—which noted the Korea trip was not “BCPS paid,” according to official sources—the recently released records show BCPS reimbursed Dance’s $1,920 Korean Air flight.

Why so many outside conferences? The superintendent “agreed to devote his best efforts and all of his time and attention exclusively to the duties of County Superintendent of the School System,” his contracts show. Dance’s district spending priorities and extensive travel, much of which promotes edtech integration in schools, has seemed severely off base.

Other school leaders or CEOs have run into trouble over travel expenditures, including Fairfax County Public Schools, where charges of $12,000 led to the forced leave and a resignation for two school leaders in March, after a Fox 5 News investigation. And former Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools Superintendent Heath Morrison resigned under a cloud in 2014, according to The Charlotte Observer.After a school district review of his travel-related spending, he was forced in 2015 to reimburse nearly $1,300 in costs deemed related to personal consulting.

Morrison, a fellow edtech panelist, is a senior vice president for McGraw-Hill Education, which has a 10-year $15.6 million no-bid contract spending authority with BCPS. By January 2017, fewer than three years into the contract, $8.4 million was already paid out, noted the administration.

Morrison is also a SUPES Academy participant. In February 2015, in a Q & A with SUPES, Dance lauded influential guest speakers during his training in 2011: “There were two: Barbara Byrd-Bennett and Heath Morrison. Both speakers were extremely genuine.” Byrd-Bennett was indicted later in 2015 in a years-long SUPES kickback scheme as CEO of Chicago Public Schools, and sentenced a couple weeks ago to more than 4 years in prison.

In the Q & A, Dance—who was cited in 2014 for an ethics code violation related to a SUPES contract with BCPS, and a 2016 finding for failure to file financial disclosure statements for outside income—noted that “humility” was a No. 1 trait for school leaders.

As superintendent, Dance has been viewed as an energetic and forward-thinking leader. And in many ways he is. When he arrived, the district was behind in its technology offerings. Yet the version of tech integration now fostered, especially in elementary schools, has increasingly proven controversial.

A closer look at other trips also reveal that his “rock star” tendencies might have proven too much for our humble school district.

For the 2014 SXSWedu conference, Dance was reimbursed by BCPS for a Hilton Austin rate of $469 per night, plus taxes—nearly quadruple the GSA per diem; at that time BCPS Rule 3126 stipulated reimbursement of “actual hotel lodging expenses.” (SXSW makes Austin a popular destination that time of year, yet Hilton Austin rates for next year’s SWSWedu in March can be booked now for $220 per night, with other reasonable hotels available.)

While some of these charges are not exactly lavish, they aren’t fiscally sensitive either in a cash-strapped school system. And the events prompt other questions.

In July 2015, Dance traveled to San Simeon, Calif., to attend the CUE Super Symposium. The superintendent opened his presentation“Preparing Globally Competitive Graduates,” with “I absolutely love my ‘thought partners’ at Discovery Ed.” (Discovery Education is a BCPS vendor.)

For that talk, Dance was reimbursed by BCPS for a one-night charge of $331 at the oceanside Pelican Inn & Suites in Cambria, Calif. Dance’s air itinerary, including a red-eye flight booked just a couple weeks before, cost a whopping $1,094. Dance has done livestreams or panels from Discovery Ed’s headquarters in Silver Spring, Md., including a 2014 event to “explore ways to engage critical district stakeholders to support a successful digital conversion.”

Last year, the school board approved an expanded $10 million no-bid contract spending authority for Discovery Education, one of many digital curricula contracts under Rule 6002, which fosters such approval without bids for instructional material.

Some travel costs, reviewed under the public information act, were paid by the conference or its sponsors, such as $342 reimbursed to BCPS by the International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL) for Dance’s flight in 2015. He was a keynote speaker for the “iNACOL Blended and Online Learning Symposium” at the Swan and Dolphin Resort, Walt Disney World in Orlando.

The superintendent and district have earned other awards or honors for tech integration from affiliates of the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE), as well as EdSurge, Digital Promise (a “Walk the Walk” award), and other organizations sponsored by edtech companies. Such sponsors include million dollar-plus BCPS vendors: Microsoft, Discovery Education, DreamBox Learning, Curriculum Associates (iReady), and Daly Computers (a Hewlett-Packard affiliate awarded the $205 million contract spending authority for the HP EliteBook student devices in 2014).

Still, nearly three years after STAT’s launch, there’s no objective evidence of significant improved learning outcomes for BCPS students, as independent reports show is a trend across the country for online or “blended learning.” And the district’s 2016 PARCC standardized test scores were lower than those of other counties in the region.

Overall, a thorough outside audit of BCPS spending and STAT is needed, and the school board should consider financial priorities in future superintendent contracts and policies. A 2015 Maryland legislative Audit Report strongly recommended that BCPS “amend its existing policies to require competitive procurement methods.” As the appendix noted: “It helps ensure fairness and integrity in the expenditure of public funds.”

In the end, who is really being served by STAT? Consider a few titles for Dance’s various panels: “Educator Pushback: What Do We Need to Understand” and “Is Education Policy Stifling Digital Innovation?”

The real question we need to understand is this: Is digital innovation stifling our children’s education instead?

Joanne C. Simpson is a former staff writer for The Miami Herald, South Florida Sun-Sentinel, and Johns Hopkins Magazine. She is a BCPS parent, college educator, and freelance writer based in Baltimore.

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14 Comments on "Op-ed: Students not benefitting from Dallas Dance’s costly travels"

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As a substitute teacher for approximately ten years, I firmly believe it is extremely important for students to be educated and proficient in ITT/Computer knowledge and skills. However I am of the firm opinion based on careful and unbiased observation that they do NOT get the same degree of real learning by carrying laptops from class to class all day with less and less interaction with teachers through challenging class discussions, questions and answer sessions, etc. In my opinion laptops are too often used like candy to keep students quiet.

Joanne C. Simpson

Former superintendent takes on three consulting gigs post-BCPS. Here are a few details on Dallas Dance’s departure just two weeks ago, and related issues with current BCPS leaders as the new administration takes hold–so far keeping up Dance’s STAT policies with Tuesday’s board of ed approval of contract modifications totaling nearly $4 million for just two software programs. The contracts: supplemental reading and math, iReady and DreamBox (see contract spending authority links below).
Just as an FYI:

Guest post on Dance’s departure, subsequent consulting jobs, overall staff travel, and related:

And the total for the two software programs: a whopping $6.4 million, over just a few years. Here are the BCPS contract spending authority links with details:


DreamBox Learning:$file/071117%20JNI-778-14%20Modification%20and%20Extension%20-%20Mathematics%20Supplemental%20Resources.pdf


It appears that BCPS has removed this link.
BCPS responses to board members’ Jan. questions regarding next year’s FY 18 budget. See p. 23, link:…

It’s tedious to scroll through 438 PDF pages of budget. My finger wore out before I could get to my destination and I’m not going to print the whole thing. ?


For info, can copy and paste the full link in ? I see the document using this below:
Also, the BCPS budget site has links to three rounds of Questions & Responses with the board, see left column, FY18 Budget Resources. The dates are 1/24, 1/31 (the one cited above), and 2/7.

Great to have more eyes on this! Overall, with the many school needs noted in recent stories (flooded electrical equipment rooms at Towson High(!)), this outlines funds for our schools for the upcoming year. The FY18 budget is also set for a final county council vote today, Thursday. Send your councilperson a note if you want. Sets the stage for interim Superintendent Verletta White as well.

Joanne C. Simpson

Postscript 2:

As noted in the op-ed, some of these charges are not always lavish. But they do add up across the district. Just found this huge number as well for next year’s budget alone: Nearly $300,000 in BCPS office travel and related expenses. Shows up under “Other Charges.”

14. “Under the Office of the Superintendent [and elsewhere], please detail what is included in the “Other Charges” category…

Travel, mileage, conferences, professional dues for all offices, [budget] p. 141–178: $281,063.”

Source: BCPS responses to board members’ Jan. questions regarding next year’s FY 18 budget. See p. 23, link:

BCPS Budget itself:

Concerned BCPS Parent
Concerned BCPS Parent
Great and thorough article! It is no surprise that the author apparently got her Maryland Public Information Act Request answered, one mere month before Dance was set to leave town. Another very serious question that really should be pursued, whether he is here or not, is: How much was Dance paid to do the speeches, all while BCPS was picking up the tab!?!?! Heath Morrison, for instance, when he was superintendant of both Washoe County Public Schools, as well as Charlotte Mecklenburg, had his respective school systems reimburse his trips, while he made money on those trips! That is what got him in trouble. Barbara Byrd-Bennett did the same, only it was SUPES Academy that ultimately brought her down. Is this reimbursement practice just par for the course for the rockstar superintendent lifestyle or is this a very serious and pervasive ethical issue? And should Dr. Dance be required to reimburse BCPS for the trips on which he actually MADE money as a speaker or consultant, while Baltimore County picked up the tab? I think so. I really do. If it is found that Dance did in fact receive money for the very trips for which BCPS paid his travel expenses, I believe that an ethics panel review is in order – – pre OR post June 30, Dance’s last day. The same could be said for Ryan Imbriale, the Executive Director of Innovation at BCPS, the leader of STAT. Imbriale has taken multiple trips, as have multiple other employees… Read more »
Joanne C. Simpson

And as you note, the edtech travel/promotion culture could continue if the STAT initiative expands as currently planned. For example, ongoing numerous out-of-state presentations by Ryan Imbriale, executive director of BCPS’ Department of Innovative Learning. In January, Imbriale spoke at the Future of Education Technology Conference (FETC) in Orlando, along with his wife, IT director Jeanne Imbriale and a couple other BCPS employees.

Did BCPS reimburse expenses for four or more people at $1,500 to $2,000 each for this one event? Were these costs instead paid by edtech sponsors?

It took a year to get access to documents, without exorbitant record fees, for the superintendent’s travel for seven trips. How long would it take for multiple employees? Why not make these costs and specific activities transparent?

In the end, that sunny Florida trip in the middle of winter could pay up to half the annual salary of a kindergarten aide in classes with 25 or more children.

That is the true cost here. And it all adds up.

Joanne C. Simpson

Postscript: I’ve also been asked about the meals charged to the district, which in some cases also exceeded federal GSA per diem rates:

At SXSWedu in 2016: A reimbursed $112 dinner at MAX’s Wine Dive on trendy San Jacinto Boulevard featured $24 for four seared scallops, as well as a $22 platter of shrimp and grits, a spinach salad with grilled chicken, side dishes, and dessert.

Dance’s 2015 SXSWedu appearance totaled $3,200. Reimbursed dining fare: lunch charges of $68 at the South Congress Cafe, including calamari with orange ginger, an $18 omelet and a frisse & endive salad.

A few hours later: a $60 dinner at Pappadeaux Seafood Kitchen, featuring two bowls of Louisiana seafood gumbo and one pan-seared tilapia entree, receipts show. The GSA per diem, under BCPS’ policy then, was $71 for the day. (Either the superintendent has an extra hearty appetite, or a few of these multi-entree meals include BCPS employees, or guests.)

M. Pearce

As Dr. Dance indulged his hearty appetite food has been banned from teacher professional development events during his tenure and schools have seen their budgets for supplies cut year after year. Teacher moral is at an all time low as turnover must be edging towards an all time high. In many schools, core classes like Language Arts are being taught by long term subs because the system cannot find replacements or if some rumors are to be believed, the school system is using long-term subs as another way to save money that can ne used to fund the digital initiative. It would be refreshing to se an article devoted to discussing what this initiative looks like in the average classroom with a discussion of some of the problems associated with students access to computers and internet for most of the school day. There has been little or no coverage of how frequently students are able to go around or disable the web filtering which is meant to keep them off games and adult content.

Joanne C. Simpson
Excellent point on students breaking through security firewalls–it’s so prevalent that 6th Grade Town Hall meetings were called a couple months ago at BCPS; in some cases students were pressed to confess. Below is an excerpt and links from a previous op-ed on overall costs and issues with STAT, which are indeed taking away from the very teacher-based support you cite. That is the point overall with travel spending patterns. And appropriateness. And it’s not even just an individual meal or hotel rate, but the overwhelming amount of travel by the superintendent and numerous other employees still to be investigated–the nearly $300,000 cited above for next year is just for offices under the Office of the Superintendent. And that is a rather obscene amount as it is. Maybe our school leaders should also pay more attention to the problems here before heading out to conference after summit after meeting at Discovery Ed or elsewhere selling STAT, and the products of the edtech “partners” involved, as a success story. Yet another such event: And this one: And this one: (There’s a ton of them…) See under “Presenters” BCPS, Imbriale!eyJuYXYiOiJhcHAuZXZlbnQudmlld1ByZXPEjnRlckxpc3QifQ%3D%3D!ui4nvh&source=gmail&ust=1495506805451000&usg=AFQjCNELFp8qMwdQWpW7jQeLRelm5pQYsw And here’s the previous story on costs and distractions. Shouldn’t other press be looking more closely at all this? STAT and BCPS Blueprint 2.0 computer/digital-based programs like Middlebury (MIL) are not only slated to go forward under the 2017-18 budget–but would be expanded. Link: Excerpt, from early 2016.. it’s not like there weren’t warning signs… “Top among the… Read more »

There are a lot of people in this world that know if they can get away with things, they will do so. Ethics, shmethics.

bcps parent

Another great article- hope the county council and BOE read it!


It appears to me that an official inquiry is required to dig out the specifics of BCPS frivolous and possibly fraudulent conferences, conventions, etc. expense requests.

“It took a year to get access to documents, without exorbitant record fees, for the superintendent’s travel for seven trips. How long would it take for multiple employees? Why not make these costs and specific activities transparent?”

Does a stake holder parent need to file a complaint? Are their attorneys who will pro bono assist such a complaint? Is there another way to pursue this?

Will the BCPS board request an audit? Can convention sponsoring companies’ financial records be subpoenaed? How else can we make BCPS and employees accountable?

Great question, Karl! The comments don’t come up automatically in the left column now, so I missed your note. I believe a Maryland resident can request a state legislative audit. And apparently a board member or two plan to request at least an internal audit. Then, we might really know costs, specifics, expenditures, actual use and, to some degree, efficacy. I did send a version of this Open Letter below out today, in light of two more digital curricula contract expansions on the Board agenda tonight, June 13–totaling a whopping $4 million more. Not sure why there isn’t more attention to this, but here are the essentials: An Open Letter to BCPS administrators, school board, county and state officials: As you may know, Baltimore County Public Schools’ STAT and related laptop-per-student program could become a ‘model’ digital initiative for other school districts across the state, or even nationwide. At what cost? Consider just two contracts being considered by the BCPS board of education tonight for in-development software programs, iReady and DreamBox: Contract modifications hitting $4 million, for very short terms of one year and 10 months. Our cash-strapped school system would in fact be spending a total of $6.4 million on just these two software programs for overall contract terms of less than two years and 10 months. (See contract spending authority modifications for in-development software iReady and Dreambox Math in additional notes below). So, with such ongoing curricula as planned, are we looking at $7 million every three… Read more »